Environment

Our Environmental Activities

Rehabilitation works in limestone mines of BATIÇİM in Belkahve region

The purpose of rehabilitation and recultivation works held in the open mines where mining activities are stopped may be summarized as making the present topography of mine field as compatible to the natural topography as possible and then (if the mine will not be used for any other purpose) preparing the land for agricultural or forest use, in other words seeking to redevelop the ecologic balance again in the region.

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Prior to rehabilitation After rehabilitation
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For this purpose, slopes in the activity area are arranged with the studies for regaining the fields for nature; holes and channels are opened on the steps and such holes are filled with vegetal soil and thus the area is ensured to have harmony with the environment in terms of landscaping in time as the plants and trees grow.

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Prior to rehabilitation After rehabilitation
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In consideration of the step widths of mine, channels and holes are opened by means of construction equipment as holes of 1x1m and 120 cm deep in every 4 meters at the end of step for those which are 10 m and wider and holes of 100 cm deep and 120 cm wide through the step as 2 m inside from the edges on the front of step. Since the material is limestone, firstly the holes and channels were broken by means of construction equipment with hydraulic breakers and then the holes and channels were opened again with construction equipment. 30 cm thick soil was laid on the bottom of channels and holes and then 10 cm thick coarse grained perlite was laid on such soil. The remaining section after this is filled with soil again. Laying perlite increasing the ability of soil to hold water and thus its rate of holding the plants but on the other hand, irrigation time intervals are significantly reduced.

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Prior to rehabilitation After rehabilitation
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Primarily plants were used that grow rapidly, roots go deep and help vertical drainage and other plants go deep, strengthen the plant life especially by enriching the soil in terms of nitrogen, have the chance to grow in very sunny, very hot, dry, calcareous ground, some developing relatively in a short time and prepare and leave the area to other plant varieties and some supporting each other as resistant to different extreme conditions.

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Prior to rehabilitation After rehabilitation
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Production of the step which is totally 15 km long will be completed in our limestone mine in Belkahve region and the entire area will be forested. For this purpose, we started foresting the steps produced gradually in October 2007 and approximately 13,20 km of steps were arranged and 12,16 km of steps were forested until the end of August 2009.

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Prior to rehabilitation
Irregular steps
After rehabilitation
Steps arranged
Prior to rehabilitation After rehabilitation
Pine trees planted on the step as arranged in the previous picture Melon, one of the covering plants planted at the roots of pine trees in order to cast shadow
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List of plants used in the area is provided below. The plants were selected by a specialized Landscape Architect.

Bush types grown for the rehabilitation field are planted inside the channels opened on the sides of steps. Such bush types are specified below.

Bushes planted on the sides of steps: Lavandula stoechas (Lavender), Spartium junceum (Spanish Broom), Jasminum fruticans (Yellow Jasmine), Cistus (Rockrose) (These varieties were grown specially for the limestone mines.)
In addition, following plants are planted in channels on the sides of steps. Those plants were purchased from market.
Capparis spinoza (Caper), (Cermes Oak), Firethorn
Trees planted on the sides of steps: pseudoa (False Locust) Prunus amygdalus (Almond), Cercis siliquastrum, Acacia dealbata (Silver Wattle)
Trees planted on the bottoms of slopes are as follows.
Trees planted on the bottoms of slopes: Pinus brutia (Turkish pine), Pinus pinea (Stone pine).
Totally 40775 saplings were planted as of the end of August 2009 in conclusion to such foresting activities.
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Yellow Jasmine Guelder Rose
Almond Tree Firethorn